[Nfbc-info] NFBC-Info Digest, Vol 132, Issue 24

Portia Mason knitangelpm at yahoo.com
Tue May 31 04:39:45 UTC 2016

That means and I am telling you from my experience with my College campus,
they must have a way to put printed material into either braille by
embossinig the books for you at the Disability Center, or on Audio format.
Or you sign up with eitherwww.bookshare.com, and I may get this wrong so
someone correct me. www.learningalley.com
 Or, some other way of getting your textbooks to read and same goes for your
exams, they must have someone to read your tests and or put the tests on the
computer for you to take can go back and put the answers on a scantron for

If the Campus doesn't do this, than you need to put the ADA act in fron of
them to let the by law they must implement all this to make sure you get the
education you are seeking.

Right now, my College is dealing with a problem of not getting the
acommidations we need.

So, we are getting a lawsuit in place.

Hopefully it can be fixed before the next generation of students com in
before I graduate with my Certification.

 Hope this answers some of your questions and if anyone else has any
additional answers to add, please do.

Going back to studying since I had a set back at home and it took me back in
what I needed to do today.

I am okay just still upset by it.


-----Original Message-----
From: NFBC-Info [mailto:nfbc-info-bounces at nfbnet.org] On Behalf Of Jordan
Mirander via NFBC-Info
Sent: Monday, May 30, 2016 9:30 PM
To: nfbc-info at nfbnet.org
Cc: Jordan Mirander <jordanmirander at icloud.com>
Subject: Re: [Nfbc-info] NFBC-Info Digest, Vol 132, Issue 24

I  have  question  regarding the Americans with disability act. What does it
say are all schools and educational institutions required to give people
with disabilities alternate media and the alternate text like for example
Braille textbooks, and exams instead of printed ones.   a 

Sent from my iPhone

> On May 27, 2016, at 5:00 AM, nfbc-info-request at nfbnet.org wrote:
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> Today's Topics:
>   1. {Spam?} Fwd: [WebAIM] ADA Title II Supplemental Advance
>      Notice of Rulemaking Overview and Commentary (Brandon Keith 
> Biggs)
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> Message: 1
> Date: Thu, 26 May 2016 18:24:53 -0700
> From: Brandon Keith Biggs <brandonkeithbiggs at gmail.com>
> To: NFB of California List <nfbc-info at nfbnet.org>
> Subject: [Nfbc-info] {Spam?} Fwd: [WebAIM] ADA Title II Supplemental
>    Advance Notice of Rulemaking Overview and Commentary
> Message-ID:
> <CAKAWQkUos65A2_1rPa_FxXd7q=rpRK8fv6EpAbOFf19TTjhobw at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
> Hello,
> Here is some commentary on the proposed regulations for accessible web 
> content as well as a link to the regulations.
> Please don't be gentle with this debate, the result will have many 
> ramifications for all of our lives!
> Thank you,
> Brandon Keith Biggs <http://brandonkeithbiggs.com/>
> ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> From: Brooks Newton <brooks at brooksnewton.com>
> Date: Thu, May 26, 2016 at 10:57 AM
> Subject: [WebAIM] ADA Title II Supplemental Advance Notice of 
> Rulemaking Overview and Commentary
> To: WebAIM Discussion List <webaim-forum at list.webaim.org>
> Hi All,
> As I've promised over the last few weeks, I've put together a brief 
> overview and commentary related to the Supplemental Advance Notice of 
> Proposed Rulemaking (SANPRM) for the Title II provisions in the 
> Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).  That's a mouthful, I realize.  
> What is this SANPRM for the title II provisions of the ADA?  Long story
short, the U.S.
> Department of Justice (DoJ, also referred to as the Department) seeks 
> public input on proposed rules that will regulate Web accessibility 
> for state and local governments in the United States.  To be clear to 
> the WebAIM list readers, I'm not a lawyer.  I'm just a digital 
> accessibility guy who is making an attempt to understand the evolving 
> law that will govern what and how we regulate accessibility of Web, 
> and quite possibly, mobile application communications.  This post is 
> purely a reflection of my personal opinion, and I have written it with 
> the understanding that it is completely open to criticism, correction 
> and supplementation. My hope is that others on this list will take on  
> this topic and expand the information and ideas in this post with 
> their own observations, reflections and calls to action.  You don't 
> have to be a world-class digital accessibility expert to post your 
> opinion on the proposed regulation.  Here's a challenge to the WebAIM 
> list lurkers out there: Use this general topic as the impetus for making
your first post to the list and get involved!
> The full text of the SANPRM is available at the following location:
> https://federalregister.gov/a/2016-10464
> Here are some pieces of basic information about the SANPRM. The public 
> has from now until August 8, 2016 to file comments on the proposed 
> rules.  The SANPRM provides background on the regulatory history of 
> the proposed Web accessibility rules, including a summary of the 
> original ADA legislation, which was signed into law nearly 26 years 
> ago on July 26, 1990. This SANPRM goes on to underscore the importance 
> of Web communications by title II entities, citing multiple examples 
> of how the Web has fostered enhanced public participation in 
> governmental programs.  The Department also describes barriers to Web 
> accessibility that keep people who browse with disabilities from 
> getting full and complete use out of Web-based communications utilized 
> by state and local governments. The Department also acknowledges that 
> "compliance with voluntary technical standards has been insufficient 
> in providing access."  WCAG 1.0 and 2.0 are examples of a voluntary 
> technical standards referenced by the DoJ in this document.  The 
> SANPRM suggests standards for Web access, proposes timeframes for 
> compliance, attempts to define the scope of coverage under the 
> proposed rules, requests feedback on employing a means of measuring 
> compliance and considers whether or not mobile apps should be covered 
> under the new rules, amongst other issues.  Along with these proposed 
> rules for regulating Web accessibility, the Department asks 123 
> questions that are scattered throughout the SANPRM document.  These
questions are structured requests for comments relate to various proposals
contained with SANPRM document.
> Thankfully, the SANPRM makes it clear that additional considerations 
> outside of the formal framework provided by the 123 questions are 
> accepted and encouraged, if they are helpful in understanding the 
> implications of imposing ADA regulatory requirements on U.S. state and
local governments.
> The DoJ announced that "the Department invites written comments from 
> members of the public."  It isn't clear in the SANPRM whether "the 
> public" is limited to U.S. citizens, or if it is open to citizens of other
> Anybody on this list know the answer to this question?  I sure hope 
> that our government is open to ideas generated by the world community 
> on these important issues of digital access.  There are three ways to 
> formally file your comments with the DoJ on the SANPRM.  You can file 
> via Web site form, you can file via snail mail, or you can file via an 
> alternative physical delivery method, such as overnight delivery or by 
> personally delivering your comments.  Details on each of these three 
> methods are available through the Federal Register link I included 
> earlier in this post. To view a list of public comments on the SANPRM, 
> which have already been filed, visit 
> https://www.regulations.gov/#!docketBrowser;rpp=100;so=DESC;sb=docId;p
> o=0;dc
> t=PS;D=DOJ-CRT-2016-0009
> Now, you may say to yourself, "I work in the private sector, so why 
> should this proposed rulemaking for state and local governments matter to
> Let's go through a quick review of the history of the ADA to 
> understand the relevance of this SANPRM to private business.  In 2010 
> the DoJ announced their intent to codify regulations relating to Web 
> access under the ADA with the announcement of an Advance Notice of 
> Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM).  Five years later in 2015, the DoJ 
> announced that they were going to pursue separate rulemakings 
> addressing accessibility for ADA  title II and title III entities.  Again,
title II entities are state and local governments.
> Title III entities under the ADA are defined as private companies that 
> offer goods or services, which are available to the general public via 
> places of public accommodation.  In this SANPRM published to the 
> Federal Register on May 9, 2016, the DoJ announced that they are 
> "moving forward with rulemaking under title II first."  Pay attention 
> private businesses, because what gets shaped into the law for state 
> and local governments will likely influence the law that you will have 
> to follow with regard to Web accessibility.  Or, at least that's the way I
interpret it.
> There are way too many topics, questions, points of contention and 
> minutiae in the SANPRM to list separately in this email post.  So to 
> get the discussion rolling, I thought it would be good to pick out a 
> few critical issues, provide my opinions on these topics, and ask 
> others to comment on these and other issues contained within the 
> SANPRM.  Please bring up additional topics as they come to mind and 
> share them with WebAIM list readers in your own posts to this forum.
> Example topic 1: Is it fair to limit the proposed ADA regulation of 
> the Web to Web content alone?
> My response to topic 1: This is my biggest complaint with the SANPRM.  
> The DoJ has, in my opinion, limited coverage for the proposed rules to 
> an artificially narrow scope they label as "Web content."  In other 
> words, the Department proposes to regulate the site code posted online 
> by content owners.  They do not propose to regulate the software that 
> makes the Web perceivable, operable, understandable to users of all 
> abilities.  Long story
> short: We need to include regulations that guide operating system, 
> user agent and assistive technology (OS/UA/AT) manufacturers in the 
> development of their wares so that standards-based compliant site code 
> will work accessibly for real users who need software to parse/present 
> the page source in a form that mere mortals can understand.
> Example topic 2: Is WCAG 2.0 Level AA the best standard for governing 
> the Web accessibility of U.S. state and local governments sites, and 
> if so, are there WCAG 2.0 AA success criteria that should be excluded 
> from the proposed regulations?
> My response to topic 2: It is never a good idea to pass laws or 
> regulations that, when enacted, make every covered entity a non-compliant
> For example, do we have free and easy access yet to a media player 
> solution that fully supports described video via a separately 
> controllable audio track?  If not, we've got no business mandating, 
> under penalty of law, a provision that requires such.  Again, let's 
> start to put software manufacturers on the hook for Web accessibility 
> compliance and my guess is that we'll start to encounter access 
> innovations in areas that have long seemed out of reach for all but 
> the wealthiest and most powerful Web content owners.
> Example topic 3: Should the ADA Web site regulations provide an  
> "equivalent facilitation" clause the opens the door for title II 
> entity compliance through the use of another communications medium,
product or technology?
> My response to topic 3: No, it isn't OK to allow a state government 
> Web site to cop out of their obligations to provide accessible Web 
> content because they make Braille copies of the information available 
> at their brick and mortar headquarters. That's not cool, because it 
> ignores the primary value of offering information and services online, 
> which is to make it quick, easy and inexpensive for citizens to get 
> what you want from the government.  I don't want to over generalize 
> here because I'm quite sure there are instances where equivalent 
> facilitation is the public's best bet at getting universal access to 
> certain information, so please provide examples that support and refute
the principle of equivalent facilitation.
> Example topic 4: Should small public entities or "special districts" 
> be allowed to comply with Web access standards that are less stringent 
> than the rules with which larger government entities must comply?
> My response to topic 4: This issue makes me irritated from the get-go.
> Fellow Americans, can you imagine being pulled over, cuffed and 
> stuffed in a squad car outside a rural small town in the U.S. by the 
> police only to be told that you don't have the normal rights to due 
> process because the arresting municipality is too small to effectively 
> operate under the rule of law that citizens of larger communities 
> enjoy?  Digital accessibility is civil right, a human right.  The fine 
> folks at the United Nations have made that clear. It should not be 
> abridged due to the size of the agency who happens to be posting 
> content online.  If everyone, including OS/UA/AT manufacturers, were 
> regulated to do their parts accessibly, it would relieve much of the 
> burden on smaller government agencies to custom code their way to full Web
> Should mobile apps be regulated under the ADA?  Should archived 
> content or preexisting conventional electronic documents (pdf and Word 
> files, for
> example) get a pass on complying with the Web accessibility regulations?
> What about educational sites that are password protected?  What about 
> the learning management solutions that many education institutions use 
> as frameworks for their Web content?  How should third party Web 
> content be regulated, if at all?  Please read the SANPRM linked just 
> after the first paragraph of this email post.  Give the document 
> careful consideration. Talk with your colleagues.  Post your responses 
> to the topics I have raised and bring up topics related to issues that 
> I haven't yet pointed out.  We need to discuss this law a lot more 
> than what I've seen bandied about in the normal channels of 
> accessibility-related discussion.  We are not leaves destined to blow 
> in the wind, without control or thought as to where we will eventually 
> fall.  We have an opportunity to shape this landmark legislation through
the public comment process.  Let's do just that.
> Respectfully,
> Brooks Newton
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