Thu Mar 11 23:53:29 UTC 2010

```Hi everyone:

My head is totally crammed with it being midterms plus the fact that I am
taking the Praxis on Saturday.  I do have an idea, but keep in mind that I
might be overthinking now.  What if you had a sheet of paper numbered in
Braille from 1 to 25 in column 1, 2 to 50, in column 2, and so on.  Maybe,
you could easily Braille out 25 copies of these so that each student in your
class would have 1.  Then, you could number each one in print to the left of
the Braille number.  (I know how to write print numbers, and maybe you do
too; if not, it is probably a good idea to learn if you are going in to
teaching)  Or, you could pull out the dusty typewriter to get the letter
where it needed to be placed (haha).  Then, you could use different things
to represent different letters.  For example, a star might always mean the
letter a, a sticker might always mean the letter b, a heart might always
mean the letter c, etc.  These could stick to the answer sheet.  You could
place actual pictures on the test instead of the letter.  It would only need
to be an outline of a heart or a star, for example.  The student could read
the question, and could then place the appropriate symbol for each question.
For example, if he thought the answer to number 1 was see, he could put a
heart beside 1.  Also, he wouldn't even see c on the test because it would
be the outline of the heart he would see instead.  At first, I thought it
might be nice to have the kids make the symbols to save money, and to reuse
them.  However, you would need to keep the answer on the page to demonstrate
the student had a certain answer in a certain way.  I realize there are some
problems with this plan, such as the fact it would cost money to provide the
symbols, but, it might spark some imagination in those of you who are more
creative at solving these kinds of dilemma's than am I.  Also, maybe you
could use a regular print blank sheet of paper along with a backing like is
on those notepads you get from Walmart.  If you draw on them, I have noticed
you can feel the image on the other side.  So if a student were just writing
a 1, 2 or 3 word answer, you could give them each one of these backings to
write on, which could be reused.  Then, you could grade them on your own.
You could teach the students how to press hard enough and write big enough
that their letters could actually be felt and comprehended.  I like this
idea because it allows the teacher to also examine the handwriting of the
student.  One of my kids at an afterschool program I worked with was making
some letters upside down, and I was able to realize this.  I wasn't using
the backing as mentioned above, but I was using a raised line drawing kit at
that point.  However, it would be too expensive for you to have raised line
drawing kits and enough paper for that many students, I should think.  For
longer answers, students could use a computer, if available.  Or, I suppose
a reader would be necessary.  Just some ideas.  But, my brain is nearly
fried.  So I will say goodbye for now.  Anita

----- Original Message -----
From: "Hope Paulos" <hope.paulos at maine.edu>
To: "National Organization of Blind Educators Mailing List"
<nobe-l at nfbnet.org>
Sent: Thursday, March 11, 2010 1:36 PM

ed degree focusing in Spanish and rarely used multiple choice questions in
my student-teaching. Was teaching the intermediate levels (Spanish II and
III). When I have my own classroom, I'll mostly be using electronic versions
of tests.
Good suggestions!!
Hope and Beignet
----- Original Message -----
From: "Carolyn Brock" <mmebrock at spiritone.com>
To: "National Organization of Blind Educators Mailing List"
<nobe-l at nfbnet.org>
Sent: Thursday, March 11, 2010 10:57 AM

Hope,
Remember that a test is an assessment not only of the students but of how
well the teacher taught the material or wrote the test.  Having someone else
grade the objective questions gives you no feedback on which questions are
being missed the most often.  If large numbers of students are getting the
same question wrong, then either that material needs to be reviewed, or else
the question was not written clearly.  If you do have someone else score
objective tests, you might at least have the person keep a tally of which
questions were missed.  (Note that this is not just a blindness issue, as
many sighted teachers use assistants or student aides to grade objective
tests.)
I taught French and English for many years, and I tried to stay away from
true-false or multiple choice test questions, as they don't allow students
to show off what they do know.  They also encourage cheating.  Having an
assistant read you tests is time consuming but worth it in your knowledge of
students' capabilities.  Of course, Kathy has the best suggestion: have
students turn in electronic tests whenever possible.  Perhaps someday it
will be possible for all student work to be done electronically.
Good luck!
Carolyn

--------------------------------------------------
From: "Kathy Nimmer" <goldendolphin17 at hotmail.com>
Sent: Thursday, March 11, 2010 2:14 AM
To: "blind teachers" <nobe-l at nfbnet.org>

>
> Hi there,
>
>  If there is tech to read handwriting, I'd love to know about it!  Smile!
> I have someone grade multiple choice and other objective things via a key
> I make ahead of time.  I have someone read me handwritten essay questions,
> but I also schedule the writing lab when I can for essay tests so they can
> print those answers from the computer or e-mail them.  Our lab space is
> limited, so it doesn't always work, but having readers read handwritten
> ansers is a royal pain, I'll admit.  It is slow and cumbersome, but it is
> sometimes unavoidable.  I never have someone read me multiple choice and
> such as it takes away time that is better spent elsewhere, and blind
> teachers need every second of time they can get, in my opinion.  English
> is definitely one of the most grading intensive subjects to be teaching.
>
> Kathy Nimmer: Teacher, Author, Motivational Speaker
> http://www.servicedogstories.com
> http://guidedogjourney.livejournal.com
> You still must believe in the mountains.
>
>
>
>
>
>> From: faith_manion at hotmail.com
>> To: nobe-l at nfbnet.org
>> Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 17:37:19 -0600
>>
>>
>> Hello all,
>>
>> I have about a year before I begin my student teaching and this semester
>> I am teaching several lessons. With these lessons I am giving multiple
>> choice tests and writing activities. In the past someone has just graded
>> the multiple choice items for me and then read the writing responses out
>> loud. Do you guys know any other way to grade papers when they are hand
>> written and not typed? Is there any new type of technology out there that
>> I am unaware of that will read handwriting?
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>> Faith Manion
>>
>> > Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 04:43:16 -0600
>> > To: david.andrews at nfbnet.org
>> > From: RWest at nfb.org
>> > Subject: [nobe-l] NFB-NEWSLINER In Your Pocket Now Compatible
>> >
>> > FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
>> >
>> > CONTACT:
>> > Chris Danielsen
>> > Director of Public Relations
>> > National Federation of the Blind
>> > (410) 659-9314, extension 2330
>> > (410) 262-1281 (Cell)
>> > <mailto:cdanielsen at nfb.org>cdanielsen at nfb.org
>> >
>> > Scott White
>> > Director, NFB-NEWSLINE®
>> > National Federation of the Blind
>> > (410) 659-9314, extension 2231
>> > <mailto:swhite at nfb.org>swhite at nfb.org
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > National Federation of the Blind’s Newspaper Service Now Offers More
>> >
>> >
>> > Digital Talking Book Player Compatibility
>> >
>> >
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE®
>> >
>> > In Your Pocket Now Compatible
>> > with BookSense and Book Port Plus
>> >
>> >
>> > Baltimore, Maryland (March 9 , 2010):
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE®, a free service that provides
>> > independent access by print-disabled people to
>> > hundreds of local and national publications and
>> > TV listings, is pleased to announce that
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE® In Your Pocket is now compatible
>> > with two more digital talking book players, the
>> > BookSense and Book Port Plus. Digital
>> > talking-book players such as BookSense and Book
>> > Port Plus allow print-disabled individuals to
>> > handheld device, affording easy and portable access to a wide array of
>> > media.
>> >
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE® In Your Pocket is a dynamic
>> > software application for personal computers
>> > which, through an Internet connection,
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>> > talking-book player. Through this revolutionary
>> > access method, subscribers can now use their Book
>> > Port Plus or BookSense players to gain easy and
>> > and enjoy the reading experience that is offered with a DAISY-reading
>> > device.
>> >
>> >
>> > Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National
>> > Federation of the Blind, said: “With
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE®, the print-disabled can benefit
>> > from the vital news contained in newspapers and
>> > magazines. With the new device compatibility
>> > created for NFB-NEWSLINE® In Your Pocket, blind
>> > people have even more flexibility in where and
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>> > lives.”
>> >
>> > NFB-NEWSLINE® allows those who cannot read
>> > conventional newsprint due to a visual or
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>> >
>> >
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>> > those interested in subscribing to the service
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>> > or call (866) 504-7300. In order to be eligible
>> > for NFB-NEWSLINE® an individual must be a US
>> > resident who is legally blind or has a physical
>> > or learning disability that prevents the independent reading of
>> > newspapers.
>> >
>> > For further information about NFB-NEWSLINE® In
>> > <http://www.nfbnewslineonline.org/>www.nfbnewslineonline.org
>> > and select “NFB-NEWSLINE® In Your Pocket” from
>> > the NFB-NEWSLINE® Online Main Menu.
>> >
>> > ###
>> >
>> >
>> > About the National Federation of the Blind
>> >
>> > With more than 50,000 members, the National
>> > Federation of the Blind is the largest and most
>> > influential membership organization of blind
>> > people in the United States. The NFB improves
>> > blind people's lives through advocacy, education,
>> > research, technology, and programs encouraging
>> > independence and self-confidence. It is the
>> > leading force in the blindness field today and
>> > the voice of the nation's blind. In January 2004
>> > the NFB opened the National Federation of the
>> > Blind Jernigan Institute, the first research and
>> > training center in the United States for the blind led by the blind.
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > Renee West
>> > Manager, Marketing and Outreach
>> > NATIONAL FEDERATION OF THE BLIND
>> > 200 East Wells Street
>> > Baltimore MD 21230
>> > Phone: (410) 659-9314 ext. 2411
>> > Fax: (410) 659-5129
>> > Websites: <http://www.nfb.org/>www.nfb.org;
>> > www.nfbnewsline.org;
>> > <http://www.nfbnewslineonline.org>www.nfbnewslineonline.org
>> >
>>
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