[nobe-l] [BANA-Announce] Implementation of Unified English Braille (UEB)
Mary Nelle McLennan via BANA-Announce
bana-announce at brailleauthority.org
Tue Nov 25 03:58:12 UTC 2014
Implementation of Unified English Braille (UEB)
The following statement was approved by the BANA Board on November 9, 2014.
On November 2, 2012, the United States members of
the Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
voted to adopt Unified English Braille (UEB) to
replace English Braille American Edition in the
U.S. Based on extensive dialog and planning that
involved more than 30 organizations as well as
individual consumers, teachers, and transcribers,
BANA established January 4, 2016, as the date by
which the United States will implement UEB.
BANA is working toward implementation of UEB in four phases:
2013: Information yearBANA developed and
disseminated information about UEB and gathered input from constituents.
2014: Infrastructure yearBANA and other
organizations planned for procurement and
production of braille materials in UEB and developed training materials.
2015: Instructional yearReaders, producers, and
educators will become proficient in UEB.
2016: Implementation yearAll new transcriptions
will be produced in UEB; educators will teach the
code. Devices and software will fully and accurately incorporate UEB.
As of the implementation date in 2016, UEB,
Nemeth, Music, and the International Phonetic
Alphabet (IPA) will be the official codes for use
in the United States. BANA is providing guidance
on how to incorporate the Nemeth Code into UEB
context with the intent that the Nemeth Code will
continue to be integral to braille in the United
States. The document Provisional Guidance for
Transcription Using the Nemeth Code within UEB
Contexts is available as PDF and BRF files on the
BANA website at
BANA recognizes that in order to make an
effective transition to UEB, states and
organizations will need to develop customized
implementation plans. To maximize efficiency and
impact, BANA encourages widespread collaboration
and sharing of expertise, resources, and training.
BANA continues to post and update information and
materials about UEB at
This document, Implementation of Unified English
Braille (UEB), is posted on the BANA website at
The Board of BANA consists of appointed
representatives from seventeen member
organizations of braille producers, transcribers, teachers, and consumers.
The mission of the Braille Authority of North
America is to assure literacy for tactile readers
through the standardization of braille and/or tactile graphics.
The purpose of BANA is to promote and to
facilitate the uses, teaching, and production of
braille. Pursuant to this purpose, BANA will
promulgate rules, make interpretations, and
render opinions pertaining to braille codes and
guidelines for the provisions of literary and
technical materials and related forms and formats
of embossed materials now in existence or to be
developed in the future for the use of blind
persons in North America. When appropriate, BANA
shall accomplish these activities in
international collaboration with countries using
English braille. In exercising its function and
authority, BANA shall consider the effects of its
decisions on other existing braille codes and
guidelines, forms and formats; ease of production
by various methods; and acceptability to readers.
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