[Art_beyond_sight_theory_and_research] RNIB, HaptiMap, Touchable Art, Touch-based navigation
fnugg at online.no
fnugg at online.no
Mon Oct 11 17:53:40 UTC 2010
link to RNIB tactile books
The Blind Point of View
HaptiMap - Haptic, Audio and Visual Interfaces for Maps and Location
"Multimodality is a useful addition for navigation applications,
allowing transfer of information from the relatively overloaded visual
sense to hearing and touch. However, unless well understood the use of
touch and sound can be annoying. In HaptiMap we are looking at ways to
effectively employ touch and hearing to make map and navigation
applications more useful and engaging as well as more accessible to
users with impairments.
During the first year the project focused on user studies and on laying
the foundations for the implementation work. In HaptiMap we use and
advocate an iterative and user-centred design methodology where end
users are involved all through the work process and where designs and
prototypes are tested iteratively.
The focus of the project as a whole during this first year has been the
user studies. In order to get a full picture of the relevant issues we
have used a range of techniques that involve questionnaires, interviews,
focus group discussions, probe studies, workshops, and contextual tests.
221 users were involved in the first year activities, where 83 were
sighted, 72 visually impaired and 66 elderly. In addition, 188 users
answered a web questionnaire.
Our studies of severely visually impaired, elderly and sighted users
indicate general similarities in the types of information all people
need, although we observe that in general visually impaired users
require a higher level of detail. We have explored both goal directed
navigation and other more exploratory situations, since appliances
supporting navigation may be used in both scenarios. The contemporary
lack of a proper solution for pedestrian navigation was apparent
throughout our current studies. "
Amazing Painting Of A Blind Artist
The story of this blind artist is extraordinary and unbelievable.
Professional CPA with a photographic memory, Lisa Fittipaldi lost her
vision due to a vascular disease in 1993. She lost her job too, but
overcame blindness and began painting in 1995. Her paintings are so
colorful and bright; it's hard to believe that they were drawn by a
blind person who can't even see colors or distance. The main challenge
to Lisa was when she was told she could never create complex scenes of
everyday life with people as main characters. But she managed to do so,
and today her paintings are exhibited in museums and galleries around
the world. Fittipaldi is a unique artist with an amazing inner vision.
You can judge for yourself after the jump.
ANCHORAGE, Alaska ---
The Out North Theater is hosting "Feelings 2: A Touchable Art Show."
It's the first exhibit in 10 years geared for the visually impaired.
Sight-impaired clients of the Alaska Center for the Blind explored the
exhibit Thursday. The artwork is all tactile, and some pieces even tell
a story or include hidden messages or jokes.
"Most people think that people are blind can't see anything, and most
people that are blind can see quite a bit, and maybe sometimes even have
20-20, but just a small field that they can see in," said curator Lowell
Zercher. "So even they can enjoy the colors and the shapes, but they
also get to touch it."
The exhibit will be on display until Sunday.
9th Annual Tactile Art Show at St. Augustine Art Association
The St. Augustine Art Association will host the 9th Annual Tactile Art
Show through Oct. 28 in the Main Gallery, at 22 Marine St.
Students from the Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind help prepare
the exhibit by creating Braille labels for each work of art. During
their visits to tour the exhibit, the FSDB students will be working on
art projects for children at Wolfson Hospital.
Westmoreland museum takes creative approach in tour for visually impaired
Wearing a pair of white gloves, Cindy Morrow reached down to move her
hands over the smooth bronze form of a reclining cat.
"It felt like the artist got it right," she said. "The position was
right -- perfect. You can imagine it's a real cat."
Morrow, 45, of Acme has been blind since she was a baby, but she and two
other clients of the Westmoreland County Blind Association used their
other senses to explore the Westmoreland Museum of American Art on Thursday.
Sighted people, she said, may not realize that there are other ways to
"They don't think about it," she said, "but I think about it a lot --
touch and hearing."
It was the first time the museum, on North Main Street in Greensburg,
was asked to organize a tour for visually impaired people, said Maureen
Zang, the museum's public programs coordinator.
Mill Creek Elementary student wins national art contest
COLUMBIA --- Madisyn Hinkebein doesn't know what the art of Wassili
Kandinsky looks like exactly, but you wouldn't know it from looking at
her winning art piece.
The Columbia School Board recognized Madisyn, 6, as the first place
winner in the preschool/kindergarten category of American Printing
House's national 19th Annual Blind InSights 2010: Visions from the Mind
business card designs for photographers
If you want a business card with a little extra spice, consider a
tactile map. These maps were felt different from other business cards.
They can be printed on a particular surface, such as metal, or they can
be raised or embossed designs that can be felt with the fingers. Keep in
mind that commercial printing companies color additional charge for this
type of card because of the work that must be added to design and print
Blind use visual brain parts to refine sensation of sound and touch
Researchers have indicated that people who have been blind from birth
make use of the visual parts of their brain to refine their sensation of
sound and touch.
According to an international team of researchers led by neuroscientists
at Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC), this finding helps
explain why the blind have such advanced perception of these senses -
abilities that far exceed people who can see.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the researchers
found that the blind use specialized "modules" in the visual cortex that
process the spatial location of an object when a person localizes it in
space. More generally, they believe that the different functional
attributes that make up vision, such as analysis of space, patterns, and
motion, still exist in the visual cortex of blind individuals.
But instead of using those areas to understand what the eyes see, the
blind use them to process what they hear and touch because the same
components are necessary to process information from those senses.
In this experiment, which included researchers from Belgium and Finland,
12 sighted and 12 blind participants agreed to perform a set of auditory
or tactile tasks.
Sight Line: Designing Better Streets for People with Low Vision
Author Ross Atkin, a research associate at the Helen Hamlyn Centre at
the Royal College of Art, also interviewed local authority designers and
researchers from across the country.
He has developed a practical new mapping technique to communicate how
three different groups (residual sight users, long cane users and guide
dog users) use a combination of sound, touch, and memory to get around
Touch-based navigation may move the blind
But how would you find your way to a "point of interest" if you were
blind? You could use your fingers -- one day.
William Provancher, 38, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering
at the University of Utah, developed a technology based on haptics --
the sense of touch -- that in a couple of years might help blind people
find their way to a favorite coffee shop.
Video games already use tactile cues such as "rumble" to give the player
a more realistic experience when crashing a virtual go-cart into a wall.
And cell phones have been using vibration as an alternative to sound for
But Provancher has taken the use of haptics to another level.
"What our device can do is give you direction cues," he said.
The technology would allow users to place their fingertip on top of a
small button about the size of a pea, and receive direction cues through
In the study that took about two and a half years to conduct, Provancher
found, "people are very good at perceiving small amounts of skin
stretch," he said.
The device gives cues by stretching the skin slightly in both horizontal
and vertical directions (left, right, front, back).
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