[Nfbmo] Fw: blind student takes science class

Gary Wunder GWunder at earthlink.net
Tue Nov 22 16:28:38 UTC 2011

Thanks Jim. Quite a good article.

-----Original Message-----
From: nfbmo-bounces at nfbnet.org [mailto:nfbmo-bounces at nfbnet.org] On Behalf
Of James Moynihan
Sent: Tuesday, November 22, 2011 9:05 AM
To: NFB of Missouri Mailing List
Subject: [Nfbmo] Fw: blind student takes science class

Fellow Federationists

Amanda Lacy was fortunate that Professor Baldwin was willing to work with
her so that she could become successful.  I was very lucky that Dick
Chiacchierini, my college roommate tutored me so that I could pass college
algebra. Many blind college students do not have instructors who take the
time and patience to work with us.    These students drop out and become


Jim Moynihan.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Neuman, Dale A." <NeumanD at umkc.edu>
To: <jamesmmoynihan at gmail.com>
Sent: Tuesday, November 22, 2011 8:15 AM
Subject: blind student takes science class

November 21, 2011, 4:51 pm

By Alexandra Rice<http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/author/arice>

Amanda Lacy was frustrated with her physics class and ready to drop it.

Ms. Lacy, a blind student at Austin Community College, is a computer-science

major who loves her classes but often struggles in them, not because she
doesn’t understand the material, but because she doesn’t have access to
adequate textbooks. And when she started taking the introduction-to-physics
class, things got even worse, until a professor stepped in with a solution.

The college provides blind students with digital copies of textbooks so they

can listen to them on the computer or read them using an electronic Braille
display. But the figures and graphs in Ms. Lacy’s physics book don’t
easily translate the same way that text does.

“There are many symbols that the computer doesn’t recognize,” Ms. Lacy
said, “so it just comes out as gibberish.” For example, Ms. Lacy said in
an interview, the computer will read ‘X squared’ simply as ‘X2′.

When Ms. Lacy showed her digital textbook to her computer-science professor,

Richard Baldwin, he was shocked, she said. He told her if someone didn’t
take her problem seriously there was no way she would make it through the

So Mr. Baldwin started working with Ms. Lacy for a few hours each week,
slowly going through the textbook and trying to explain the graphics to her
in a way that she understood. “He’d do whatever he could to get these
concepts across,” Ms. Lacy said. “He’d scratch them out on paper, draw
them on my hand, things like that.” While they were working together, Mr.
Baldwin began creating an open-access online
tutorial<http://cnx.org/content/col11294/latest/> for blind students
learning physics.

In Mr. Baldwin’s tutorials, equations are written using only symbols found
on keyboards so that everything is one-dimensional and presented in a format

that blind people can read. Using the tutorials, Ms. Lacy excelled in her
physics class and received an A in the course.

Working with Ms. Lacy taught Mr. Baldwin many things, too, such as that
blind people can’t draw with much accuracy. So he came up with a new
software for that as well. “I sent this thing to her at home, and the next
time I saw her she was pretty elated,” Mr. Baldwin said. “She told me,
‘Finally, I can doodle.’” Before that, her physics professor would just
allow her to skip the problems that required sketches for answers. Now, Ms.
Lacy says, she is working with the software so that when she takes Physics
II she can turn in her completed homework with the rest of the students.

Sometimes people ask her why she doesn’t just study something easier for
blind students, like English or history, Ms. Lacy says. What does she tell
them? “Because I’ll get bored.”
Dale A. Neuman
Director, Harry S Truman Center for Governmental Affairs
Special Projects Associate, College of Arts and Sciences
Professor Emeritus of Political Science
816-235-6108 or 816-235-2787
FAX 816-235-5191
Neumand at umkc.edu

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